Human civilization has been around for quite some time. Our ancestors have been through a lot. There have been famines, plagues, wars and revolutions. Cities and even whole civilizations have risen and some have crumbled and has left only a trace of their mark. In some cases the world has completely forgotten about these ancient people until recently, when we started uncovering the marks that they have left thanks to archaeology.
There have been some remarkable discoveries in the field of archaeology and here are just some of the most well-known:
Pompeii- Pompeii along with another Roman city, Herculaneum was buried under ash and lava when Mount Vesuvius erupted in A.D. 79. The site of the former city could be found near modern day Naples. The city was completely forgotten for almost two thousand years and it was only rediscovered in 1748. The city has allowed modern day people to have a look at the way that people lived in Roman times. It is also a grim reminder of the power of volcano with the figures of people who died in the eruption that were made in plaster casts, capturing their last moments.
Mohenjo Daro- The Indian subcontinent has been long known as the seat of ancient culture. That was proven when the city of Mohenjo-Daro was uncovered. This site can found in Pakistan and is in the middle of a flood plain. Back in ancient times however, the site was high above the flooding. Eventually the site was abandoned by the ancient people of the area and was forgotten. The place is remarkable because of the high degree of urban planning that was achieved in the construction of the city.
Angkor Wat- This is the largest Hindu temple and one of the largest religious structures in the whole world. The complex can be found in Cambodia and in fact, it adorns their flag. It was built by an emperor of the Khmer empire that ruled the area around 12th century. The site is a self-contained city protected by a moat.
Troy- Troy was the city that vanquished by the Greeks in the Iliad and it figures heavily in the classical mind. The problem is that its true site has been unknown which has led some thinkers to suppose that it was just a product of imagination of ancient writers. That was proven wrong by Heinrich Schliemann, he was the one who led the archaeological digs on the hill known as Hisarlik which finally uncovered the ancient city.